v.10, n.2, 1
Wild birds from illegal wildlife trade are susceptible to several injuries due to the unfavorable sanitary conditions in which they are maintained. Among these animals, parrots of the Amazona genus are frequent victims, and are hosts to parasites of the Ascaridia genus. This study aimed to describe clinical, pathological and parasitological aspects of ascaridiasis in Blue-fronted parrots apprehended from illegal wildlife trade in Paraíba State, Brazil. Sixteen Amazona aestiva dead at triage after progressive weight loss were submitted to necropsy. Moderate to intense ascaridiasis was observed in 36.4% of the parrots, and associated with poor and cachectic body conditions. Simultaneous diseases were also observed. The parasites were bleached and observed in stereomicroscopy. Based on morphologic aspects, the parasites were identified as Ascaridia hermaphrodita.
Key words: birds, Psittaciformes, parasitism, illegal wildlife trade.
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v.10, n.2, 2
Proliferative arteritis of the canine nasal philtrum is an unusual disease with an unknown etiology and very few cases described in literature to date. Two patients with characteristic lesions underwent biopsy and confirmation by histopathological assessment. The first case was treated with oral prednisolone once daily and topical tacrolimus twice daily. The second case was treated twice daily with pentoxifylline and topical tacrolimus. Both treatments were successfully used by other authors previously. In result, clinical improvement varied among patients. The lesion of the first case showed no clinical improvement after 15 days of treatment. The second case showed a mild improvement of the initial lesion. In conclusion, treatment with tracolimus, pentoxifylline, and prednisonole appears to have a good effect in mild and early lesions. The objective of this paper was to describe the clinical findings, treatment options and histopathological aspects in two Brazilian Mastiff dogs, not previously reported.
Key words: arteritis, artheriopathy, nasal philtrum.
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v.10, n.2, 3
Due to its chemical composition and use in folk medicine, the dry standardized extract of Apeiba tibourbou Aubl. (Tiliaceae) leaves (DSEAT) was tested to assess its hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. The animals were treated with DSEAT previously for 7 days, at doses of 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg and 18 mg/kg of rosmarinic acid; the liver damage was induced by administering CCl4 intraperitoneally (i.p.) at days 3 and 7, and 1 h before treating with DSEAT. The hepatoprotective activity was assessed using various biochemical assays such as alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), malondialdehyde (MDA) and histopatological studies. DSEAT doses of 400, 200, and 100 mg/kg were not capable of protecting the liver against CCl4. However, the dose of 50 mg/kg reduced AST by 31.50% the dose of 25 mg/kg reduced GGT by 57.18% compared to the CCl4 (p < 0.05). In the liver, DSEAT dose of 50 mg/kg and rosmarinic acid reduced MDA by 27.45% and 63.61%, respectively, whereas in plasma, MDA was reduced in all the groups treated with DSEAT and rosmarinic acid. In conclusion, DSEAT exhibits hepatoprotective effect only at low doses and antioxidant activity in vivo after peroral administration. The experimental protocol was approved by the Animal Research Ethics Committee of UFG (CEUA, no. 177/2011).
Key words: Apeiba tibourbou, hepatic lesion, lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde, rosmarinic acid.
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v.10, n.2, 4
Hypertrophic osteopathy is commonly associated with primary lung neoplasms. It may also be secondary to intrathoracic lesions such as pulmonary metastasis, granulomatous pleurisy and chronic pneumonia, among others. It is characterized by progressive proliferation of sub periosteal bone tissue in limb bones. Clinically, patient usually exhibits lameness. It is a rare disease most frequently observed in dogs among domestic animals. A case of a dog with pulmonary hypertrophic osteopathy associated with pulmonary metastases coming from an appendicular periosteal osteosarcoma is reported.
Key words: hypertrophic osteopathy, metastasis, periosteal osteosarcoma, canine.
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v.10, n.2, 5
An 8-month-old male Yorkshire terrier was presented for ingestion of 800 mg of an over-the-counter caffeine supplement. Clinical signs included extreme tachycardia, facial fasciculation, coma/stupor and flailing. Due to the lack of response to medical therapies, humane euthanasia was elected. Microscopically, necrotic neurons were scattered throughout the hippocampus, olfactory cortex, pyriform lobe, amygdala, and basal nuclei, with relative sparing of the caudate nuclei. In addition, mild skeletal myocyte necrosis and mural necrosis of cardiac arterioles in the left and right ventricles were noted. This is the first report of the microscopic lesions associated with caffeine intoxication in a dog.
Key words: caffeine toxicity; neuron necrosis.
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v.10, n.2, 6
Prolonged stress suffered by the organism in the presence of chronic diseases can result in functional and morphological changes to the adrenal glands; although the effects of chronic stress on the adrenal gland function in live dogs is well documented, studies focusing on the morphologic changes in the adrenal glands have been lacking. Thus, this study aimed to identify and connect possible morphometric and histopathological changes in the adrenal glands of necropsied dogs in the presence or absence of chronic diseases. Morphological changes in the adrenal glands of 46 necropsied dogs were evaluated through morphometric and histopathological analyses. The morphometric characteristics of the adrenal glands of dogs were influenced more by the animal’s body weight (p < 0.0001) and adrenocortical hyperplasia (p < 0.05) than by the stress associated with chronic diseases or acute conditions. Previously healthy animals with sudden death or animals that died from acute diseases had significant severe congestion in the adrenal glands (p = 0.0272), while adrenocortical hyperplasia was more frequent in the chronic diseases group (p = 0.0041). Fibrosis at the corticomedullary junction (p < 0.0001) and inflammatory infiltrate (p = 0.0015) were observed only in animals with chronic diseases. The adrenal glands of dogs with chronic cardiac dysfunction frequently showed significant necrosis (p = 0.0256), fibrosis (p = 0.0002) and lipid depletion (p = 0.0288). Thus, while the weight or dimensions of the adrenal glands of dogs at necropsy should not be used alone as parameters to indicate a relation with the stress suffered prior to death, the histopathological findings could aid and support necropsy conclusions regarding the presence of chronic diseases.
Key words: cardiac dysfunction, fibrosis, necropsy, necrosis, stress.
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v.10, n.2, 7
Mycoplasma bovis has emerged as an important cause of feedlot pneumonia in many countries. The aim of this paper is to describe six cases of bovine Mycoplasma pneumonia in five different premises in Argentina. Gross examination revealed chronic bronchopneumonia with multiple foci of caseous necrosis. Microscopically, these contained a necrotic center with abundant hypereosinophilic granular material surrounded by granulation tissue. Affected lung tested positive for M. bovis by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy revealed membranous structures compatible with Mycoplasma spp. To our knowledge, this is the first report of M. bovis pneumonia in Argentina.
Key words: chronic bronchopneumonia, electron microscopy, feedlot, immunohistochemistry, Mycoplasma bovis.
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