v.10, n.3, 1
Mammary neoplasms are the most frequent tumors in female dogs. Of these neoplasms, benign mixed tumors (BMTs) and carcinomas in mixed tumors (CMTs) represent a large proportion of small animal oncology diagnoses. Together with carcinosarcomas (CSs), these three neoplastic entities are characterized by the proliferation of benign or malignant epithelial, myoepithelial, and mesenchymal cells, depending on their histological types. This histological heterogeneity, in addition to their molecular heterogeneity, confers these tumors with distinct biological behavior, which results in the need for different clinical and therapeutic approaches. The present consensual document elucidates the oncological issues related to the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of BMTs, CMTs, and CSs of the canine mammary gland.
Key words: mixed tumours, dogs, mammary gland, veterinary, oncology.
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v.10, n.3, 2
Herein we describe an unusual benign chronic gastroduodenal inflammation associated with protein losing enteropathy in a dog. A 10-year-old Golden Retriever dog was presented for chronic weight loss associated with pica, ptyalism, vomiting and diarrhea. Blood chemistry showed hypoproteinaemia and hypoalbuminaemia. Gastric and duodenal full-thickness biopsies were collected and histopathological examination revealed severe mucosal infiltration with Mott cells, consistent with Russell body gastroduodenitis in humans. Warthin-starry stain showed no Helicobacter spp. proliferation in gastric biopsies. After treatment including anti-acid, antibiotics and corticosteroids, no recurrence of gastrointestinal signs was reported and improvement in clinical and biological condition was observed.
Key words: Russell bodies, Mott cell, IBD, plasma cell.
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v.10, n.3, 3
The aim of this case report is to describe an uncommon hemorrhagic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) associated with an osteosarcoma (OSA) metastasis. Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is the acute onset of a neurological deficit from any change in blood supply resulting from a pathological process, characterizing a stroke and among all the causes, the neoplastic thrombus of osteosarcoma, specifically, is the most infrequent in clinical practice. A seven-year-old female midsize mixed-breed dog was submitted to a forelimb amputation for showing an osteoblastic OSA in proximal humerus. Three weeks later, the patient presented uninterruptible seizure and coma, resulting in death. At necropsy, it was observed a friable and reddish mass in the left frontal cortex which, microscopically was constituted by OSA metastasis in association with multiple ruptures of blood vessels and focally extensive severe bleeding, which caused a CVA. At immunohistochemistry, neoplastic cells of the humerus and the brain metastasis were positive for vimentin and osteonectin, confirming the diagnosis of osteoblastic OSA. The reports about OSA metastasis on the brain are rare in animals and humans, what could be related to the low frequency and few diagnosis ante and post-mortem. As uncommon as the description of OSA metastasis to the brain, is the CVA associated to them, demonstrating that reporting cases related to these clinical and anatomopathological lesions are important for the scientific community.
Key words: brain, neoplasia, intracranial hemorrhage, pathology.
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v.10, n.3, 4
The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of spontaneous poisoning by Thiloa glaucocarpa in cattle in the semiarid region of Paraíba and Pernambuco, Brazil. Eight adult cattle were examined and of those, five were necropsied. The main clinical signs consisted of dehydration, dry nose, ascites and subcutaneous edema. Renal function tests resulted in significant changes. The gross macroscopy consisted of significant fluid accumulation in the abdominal and thorax cavities, and edema of lungs, subcutaneous tissues, perirenal tissue and abomasal folds. Histologically, the main lesions consisted of epithelial coagulation necrosis of renal convoluted tubules with presence of amorphous eosinophilic material in the lumen of the tubules. The diagnosis of poisoning by T. glaucocarpa was based on epidemiological data, clinical signs, necropsy findings, histopathological evaluation, renal serum biochemistry and plant identification in the areas of cattle pastures. After the start of the rainy season in this region, T. glaucocarpa is the main toxic plant responsible for significant economic losses. Since there is no effective treatment for animals with renal failure, it is recommended that the animals must be removed from the areas where the plant grows in the period immediately after the first rain.
Key words: Thiloa glaucocarpa, plant poisoning, nephrosis, cattle.
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v.10, n.3, 5
Systemic mastocytosis (SM) with leukemic manifestation is rarely reported in veterinary patients. Here, we describe two cases of systemic mastocytosis with leukemic spread of neoplastic mast cells in adult dogs, including their clinical signs, clinical and anatomic pathology, and immunohistochemical analysis of c-KIT as a diagnostic tool. In both cases, hematologic examination revealed normocytic and normochromic anaemia, leucocytosis with segmented neutrophils, and mastocytosis. Cytological analyses of the peritoneal fluid revealed many neoplastic mast cells. Case 1 was associated with a subcutaneous mast cell tumor and Case 2 was not associated with a cutaneous or subcutaneous mast cell tumor. Neoplastic mast cells were found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and kidneys, and a diagnosis of visceral mastocytosis was established. SM with terminal leukemic manifestation was confirmed by the mastocythemia intensity associated with the morphological changes of the mast cells in the blood and bone marrow.
Key words: bone marrow, c-KIT, histopathology, mast cell leukemia, mastocytosis.
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v.10, n.3, 6
A case of intestinal mucinous adenocarcinoma with metastasis to gonadal tissue is reported. A 13-year-old, male, poodle dog presented with intestinal and peritoneal masses, as well as infiltrative masses in testicular tunics. Samples were biopsied and submitted for histopathological analysis. Microscopically, intestinal lesion consisted of an adenocarcinoma (mucinous type), with infiltration of muscular layers and mesenteric adipose tissue. In gonadal tissue, there was neoplastic infiltration of epididymis and tunica albuginea (with a predominantly tubular pattern), and testicular parenchyma (with a predominantly signet-ring cell pattern). Immunohistochemistry was positive for CDX2 and pancytokeratin, and negative for vimentin, supporting the diagnosis of intestinal mucinous adenocarcinoma with metastases to epididymis, testis and tunica albuginea.
Key words: immunohistochemistry, CDX2, testicular, epididymal, metastatic, canine.
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v.10, n.3, 7
Bluetongue (BT) and epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer (EHD) are two distinct viral hemorrhagic diseases of domestic and wild ruminants caused by members of the family Reoviridae and transmitted by Culicoides midges. These conditions have been recognized in Canada and the United States for many years, but not in Mexico. Although in Mexico there is serologic evidence of EHD virus (EHDV) and bluetongue virus (BTV) in domestic and wild ruminants, to our knowledge, there have never been reports of clinical illness or fatalities attributed to either of these viruses. Two free ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in two licensed hunting ranches in Northern Mexico near the Texas border died unexpectedly. Postmortem and microscopic examinations revealed hemorrhagic lesions compatible with viral hemorrhagic disease (Reoviridae: Orbivirus). Tissues from one animal tested positive by RT-PCR for BTV but negative for EHDV. To our knowledge, this is the first time in Mexico where deer dying with hemorrhagic lesions consistent with Bluetongue tested positive for BTV by PCR.
Key words: hemorrhagic disease, white-tailed deer, Orbivirus, Mexico.
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November 29, 2017
November 29, 2017
November 29, 2017
November 29, 2017